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The AUSpace digital repository system captures, stores, indexes, preserves, and distributes digital research material.
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    Title: Pass/Fail and Discretionary Grading: A Snapshot of Their Influences on Learning

    Authors: Melrose, Sherri

    Abstract: This article provides a snapshot of pass/fail and discretionary grading approaches, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of each. Normreferenced and criterion-referenced grading practices and their associations with learning are identified. A brief historical backdrop illustrates how grading practices have evolved. The inherent subjectivity of grading is emphasized. Pass/fail grading supports intrinsic motivation and self-direction, but limits opportunities for recognizing excelling students. Discretionary grading, which includes letter (F− to A+) and numeric (0% to 100%) representations, supports extrinsic motivation and self-improvement, but promotes unhealthy competition. Both approaches have merit and can effectively measure student achievement in nursing education programs.

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    Title: Interaction pattern analysis in cMOOCs based on the connectivist interaction and engagement framework

    Authors: Wang, Zhijung; Anderson, Terry; Chen, L.; Barbera, E.

    Abstract: Connectivist learning is interaction-centered learning. A framework describing interaction and cognitive engagement in connectivist learning was constructed using logical reasoning techniques. The framework and analysis was designed to help researchers and learning designers understand and adapt the characteristics and principles of interaction in connectivist learning contexts. In this study empirical evidence to support and further develop this framework is presented. This study analyzed 6 weeks of data harvested from the daily newsletter, Twitter, and a Facebook group in a well-known cMOOC led by George Siemens and Stephen Downes. These text transcripts were analyzed using a deductive approach of qualitative content analysis. This study revealed the main activity patterns of participants as they engage in four levels of interaction (operation interaction, wayfinding interaction, sensemaking interaction, and innovation interaction) during the MOOC. Generally the framework serves as a conceptual model to understand and to analyze the interaction in this cMOOC, although some implied interaction is hard to recognize and categorize. The relationship of the four levels of interaction and the role of each element in the framework were explored with the intent of offering the framework as a conceptual and analytic tool to guide both researchers and practitioners in designing and studying connectivist learning.

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    Title: Seeking Pathways to Sustainable Food - Chapter 6 of The Resilience Imperative: Co-operative Transitions to a Steady State Economy

    Authors: Lewis, Michael; Conaty, Pat

    Abstract: This book chapter explores a range of models around the world for seeking pathways to sustainable food production and consumption. It addresses this theme from the overall perspective of the book, which explores a more decentralized, co-operative, steady-state economy.

    Description: This book is based upon research and reflection supported by BALTA during its initial research program from 2006-2012. It explored many of the themes that became central to BALTA’s work in its Scaling Innovation for Sustainability Project. With our communities confronted by major sustainability challenges, many linked to the impact of climate change, it argues for replacing the paradigm of limitless economic growth with a more decentralized, co-operative, steady-state economy. It examines case studies of success in energy sufficiency, local food systems, low-cost community based financing, affordable housing and land reform. Specific chapters and the book as a whole redefine the development paradigm within a sustainability and steady-state economic framework.

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    Title: Navigating Systems Transition (Short version)

    Authors: Lewis, Mike

    Abstract: Revealing the contours of the next system, conceptually and practically, the following examples fall under the banner of “cooperative economic democracy.” Rooted in territories, and operating at multiple levels, cooperative economic initiatives represent both means and ends. Their influence in ushering in the next system, however, will depend on binding diverse actors together to support federated strategies that force broader system changes.

    Description: Abridged version; focus on role of social economy and co-operatives